ViSIOT™ trains new social interaction strategies to operating teams. The model draws on original research conducted in the operating theatre of a London teaching hospital. The objective of the training is to improve verbal and nonverbal interactions between nurses, surgeons, and anaesthetists that often fall outside explicit training.


These include visual monitoring of colleagues, verbal responsiveness, speaking up about distractions, seeking prompt clarification when needed, and managing the WHO Surgical Safety Checklist. The model includes two scenarios and video-supported debriefing, during which authentic video data from the operating theatre are reviewed.



Dr Terhi Korkiakangas is a social interaction researcher and has a background in Psychology. She is currently a British Academy Postdoctoral Fellow at UCL Institute of Education. You can read about her current project 'Multimodal Communication:

The Case of The Operating Theatre' here.

Postal Address: Imperial College Centre for Engagement and Simulation Science (ICCESS) Imperial College London, Room H.3.7, Academic Surgery (3rd Floor), Chelsea & Westminster Hospital, 369 Fulham Road, London, SW10 9NH

Dr Sharon-Marie Weldon is Reader in Nursing Research and Education at Barts Health NHS Trust and University of Greenwich. You can read about her current work on simulation here.

Tel: 02083319705

Postal Address: University of Greenwich, Faculty of Education and Health, Bronte Building B207, Southwood Site, Avery Hill Road, London, SE9 2UG

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We were the key researchers in a project funded by the Economic and Social Research council (2012-2013) at Imperial College London. We developed ViSIOT™ directly from our research in order to benefit the professional groups whose practices we were investigating.